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Acute pain in children 

Acute pain in children
Chapter:
Acute pain in children
Author(s):

Richard F. Howard

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199234721.003.0010
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date: 12 November 2019

Age and maturity affect the perception and expression of pain in children.

A variety of pain assessment tools are needed to cover different age groups.

The British National Formulary for Children is a source of correct formulations and doses of analgesics for children of different ages.

Neonates show very high interindividual response to analgesic drugs.

Between 2yrs and 12yrs, the clearance of drugs exceeds that of adults and relatively higher doses may be needed.

Patient-controlled, nurse-controlled, and neuraxial analgesia can all be used in infants and children.

Reducing procedural pain in children is important and requires a combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods.

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