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Neurological monitoring 

Neurological monitoring
Chapter:
Neurological monitoring
Author(s):

Carl Waldmann

, Neil Soni

, and Andrew Rhodes

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199229581.003.0008
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date: 09 May 2021

Intracranial pressure monitoring 130

Intracranial perfusion 132

EEG and CFAM monitoring 134

Other forms of neurological monitoring 138

In adults, the normal resting intracranial pressure (ICP) is 0–10mm Hg. ICP may rise to 50mm Hg or so during straining or sneezing, with no impairment in function. It is not, therefore, ICP alone that is important but rather the interpretation of the measurement in pathological conditions. Many of the clinicopathological changes associated with brain injury are the result of pressure differences between the intracranial compartments, with consequent shift of brain structures, rather than the absolute level of ICP....

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