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Renal therapy techniques 

Renal therapy techniques
Chapter:
Renal therapy techniques
Author(s):

Carl Waldmann

, Neil Soni

, and Andrew Rhodes

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199229581.003.0003
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date: 09 May 2021

Haemodialysis 64

Haemo(dia)filtration 68

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) 70

The first human haemodialysis was performed in 1943 by Willem Kolff in The Netherlands for the treatment of acute renal failure. Following this, haemodialysis was adopted for the treatment of acute renal failure in the immediate post-war years and then for chronic renal failure from the 1960s. Currently haemodialysis is the most common form of replacement treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Haemodialysis is one method used for treatment of acute renal failure, and ESRD patients will develop critical illness. An understanding of the principles of haemodialysis and how it is carried out is therefore essential....

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