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Physical disorders 

Physical disorders
Chapter:
Physical disorders
Author(s):

Carl Waldmann

, Neil Soni

, and Andrew Rhodes

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199229581.003.0029
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date: 05 May 2021

Hypothermia 498

Drowning and near-drowning 500

Rhabdomyolysis 502

Pressure sores 504

Defined as core temperature <35°C

Mild 32–35°C; moderate 26–32°C; severe <26°C

Increasing age, abnormal mental state, immobility (orthopaedic, Parkinsonism), drugs (alcohol, barbiturate, major tranquillizers, antidepressants), endocrine (hypothyroidism, hyperglycaemia, adrenal insufficiency, hypopituitarism), autonomic neuropathy (diabetes mellitus, Parkinsonism), malnutrition, renal failure, sepsis (excessive heat loss from vasodilatation), exposure (inadequate clothing/eating, near drowning)....

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