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Cardiovascular disorders 

Cardiovascular disorders
Cardiovascular disorders

Carl Waldmann

, Neil Soni

, and Andrew Rhodes

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date: 05 May 2021

Hypertension 284

Tachyarrhythmias 288

Bradyarrhythmias 290

Myocardial infarction: diagnosis 292



Acute heart failure: assessment 300

Acute heart failure: management 304

Bacterial endocarditis 308

Hypertension is defined as sustained SBP ≥140mm Hg and/or DBP ≥90mm Hg (Table 18.1.1). In the UK, the prevalence of hypertension is ~32%. Of these, only 22% have controlled BP (<140/90mm Hg). Essential (primary) hypertension accounts for 80–90% of cases. Secondary causes of hypertension include renal and endocrine disorders and drug-induced hypertension (...

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