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Fluid and electrolyte disorders 

Fluid and electrolyte disorders
Chapter:
Fluid and electrolyte disorders
Author(s):

Jonathan Barratt

, Kevin Harris

, and Peter Topham

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199229567.003.0002
Page of

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date: 26 May 2020

Hypo-/hypernatremia: disorders of water balance42

Hypo-/hyperkalemia46

Hypo-/hypercalcemia52

Hypo-/hyperphosphatemia56

Hypo-/hypermagnesemia60

Clinical acid–base disorders64

Sodium (Na+) is the major cation in the extracellular fluid (ECF). It is also the major determinant of serum osmolality.

The serum sodium concentration ([Na...

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