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Structural and congenital abnormalities 

Structural and congenital abnormalities
Structural and congenital abnormalities

Jonathan Barratt

, Kevin Harris

, and Peter Topham

Page of

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date: 25 February 2021

Renal dysplasia 646

Vesicoureteric reflux and reflux nephropathy 648

Urinary tract obstruction 652

Congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract 658

Medullary sponge kidney 664

The term renal dysplasia is used to describe a specific type of parenchymal development due to abnormal metanephric development and is a histological diagnosis....

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