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Shortness of breathShortness of breathShortness of breath 

Shortness of breathShortness of breathShortness of breath
Chapter:
Shortness of breath
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199226573.003.0036
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date: 21 April 2021

Differential diagnosis 367

Airway obstruction 368

Anaphylaxis 371

Asthma 371

Haemothorax 371

Myocardial infarction 371

Pneumothorax 372

Pulmonary embolism (PE) 377

Acute bronchitis 379

Blunt trauma 379

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 380

Heart failure 383

Hyperventilation 385

Pleurisy 386

Pneumonia 387

Anaemia 388

Malignancy 389...

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