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Planning for and responding to public health needs in emergencies and disasters 

Planning for and responding to public health needs in emergencies and disasters
Chapter:
Planning for and responding to public health needs in emergencies and disasters
Author(s):

Khanchit Limpakarnjanarat

and Roderico H. Ofrin

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199218707.003.0102
Page of

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date: 08 December 2019

Natural and man-made disasters have cause significant harm throughout history. However, the frequency and level of devastation caused by disasters appears to be increasing. Disasters not only cause loss of life and property, but also cause tremendous psychological damage, affecting the society and culture of the area as well. Poverty increases the impact of disasters, and developing countries tend to suffer more. The impact of disasters can be mitigated by disaster preparedness planning. To be effective, disaster planning must involve the entire community and must anticipate the range of disasters to which the community is vulnerable. In the modern world, disasters in one region often affect other regions. Thus, there is a need not only for local and national disaster preparedness, but also for international preparedness. The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the International Health Regulations (IHR-2005), which has been approved by all Member States, and has established the Benchmarks for Emergency Preparedness and Response. The Benchmark provides a framework for systematic monitoring of health systems that comprise preparedness for natural and man-made disasters.

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