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Prevention and control of chronic, non-communicable diseases1 

Prevention and control of chronic, non-communicable diseases1
Chapter:
Prevention and control of chronic, non-communicable diseases1
Author(s):

Jørn Olsen

, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong

, and Robert Beaglehole

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199218707.003.0095
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date: 06 December 2019

Chronic, non-communicable diseases have reached epidemic proportions worldwide. These diseases include cardiovascular diseases, mainly heart disease and stroke; several important cancers; chronic respiratory conditions; and type-2 diabetes. They affect people of all ages, nationalities, and classes. Over the coming decades, the burden of chronic diseases is projected to rise particularly fast in low- and middle-income countries. Unfortunately, the prevention of disability and death from chronic diseases gets little attention worldwide. Fortunately, the main causes of these conditions are known and are similar in all regions of the world. Various strategies and interventions are available to prevent and control chronic diseases at relatively modest costs. Urgent action is required by multiple agencies to ensure that this knowledge is translated into action.

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