Show Summary Details
Page of

Sexually transmitted infections 

Sexually transmitted infections
Chapter:
Sexually transmitted infections
Author(s):

Mary L. Kamb

and John M. Douglas

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199218707.003.0069
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 19 June 2019

Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are among the world’s most common diseases. More than 20 organisms and at least as many syndromes are recognized as being transmissible through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, including human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV), discussed separately in Chapter 9.13 (Table 9.13.1). Globally, annual incidence of bacterial STI is exceeded only by diarrhoeal diseases, malaria, and lower respiratory infections (World Health Organization 2007). In the United States, two bacterial STI, chlamydia and gonorrhoea, are the first and second most commonly reported of all notifiable diseases (CDC 2006). Even so, the burden of bacterial STI is small when compared to that of viral STI such as human papillomavirus (HPV) and herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), the former leading to persistent long-term infection in many and the latter resulting in lifelong infection in all those infected.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.