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Control of microbial threats: Population surveillance, vaccine studies, and the microbiological laboratory 

Control of microbial threats: Population surveillance, vaccine studies, and the microbiological laboratory
Chapter:
Control of microbial threats: Population surveillance, vaccine studies, and the microbiological laboratory
Author(s):

Frank Sorvillo

and Shira Shafir

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199218707.003.0052
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date: 20 June 2019

Important microbial threats include traditional infectious diseases, emerging and re-emerging agents, microbial resistance, the intentional use of infectious agents (bioterrorism), and pathogens linked to chronic conditions. Nosocomial, food-borne, waterborne, zoonotic, and arthropod-borne infections are among the traditional, emerging, and bioterrorism threats.

A wide array of approaches are available to respond to microbial threats. These include methods such as sanitation, water treatment, personal hygiene, reduction or treatment of reservoir hosts, vector control, environmental interventions, hospital infection-control efforts, and improved nutrition. This chapter focuses on population surveillance, vaccine studies, and the role of the microbiological laboratory in responding to infectious disease problems. Other methods of control and response are presented in detail in Chapter 12.6 (Kim-Farley 2008).

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