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Overview of policies and strategies 

Overview of policies and strategies
Chapter:
Overview of policies and strategies
Author(s):

Walter W. Holland

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199218707.003.0015
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date: 19 June 2019

The prime aim of health policies worldwide has been the maintenance and improvement of the health status of populations. This implies an understanding of human health and disease in order to determine the major biological, political, social, environmental, and lifestyle factors influencing health status and the burden of disease. The risk factors which influence health differ between countries, and the examples in this book illustrate their investigation, influence on health, and methods of control. Thus, policies for health will be influenced by different factors in each country and region. Although it may appear that the problems addressed in this chapter are mainly concerned with developed countries, it is important to emphasize that the issues are the same in all countries at all stages of development. Public health problems in the developing world may appear different and greater, but the principles are the same.

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