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Breast conditions 

Breast conditions
Chapter:
Breast conditions
Author(s):

Michael J Darby

, Dominic A Barron

, and Rachel E Hyland

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199216369.003.0025
Page of

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date: 29 May 2020

Mammography 416

Breast cancer 418

Breast abscess 422

Breast cyst 424

Fibroadenoma 426

Papilloma 428

A mammogram is an X-ray examination of the breast. It is a highly effective imaging method for detecting, diagnosing, and managing a variety of breast diseases, especially cancer.

Females may present with symptoms such as a breast lump, pain, nipple thickening or discharge, skin or nipple retraction, or a change in breast size and shape. Symptomatic females have a mammogram and ultrasound as appropriate depending on the clinical presentation. However, young women have higher breast parenchymal density, making it difficult to differentiate between tumour and normal breast tissue on mammography. Ultrasound is more sensitive than mammography in young women and is the first-line investigation in women aged <35 years....

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