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Head and neck conditions 

Head and neck conditions
Chapter:
Head and neck conditions
Author(s):

Michael J Darby

, Dominic A Barron

, and Rachel E Hyland

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199216369.003.0013
Page of

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date: 30 May 2020

Nasopharyngeal tumours 176

Oropharyngeal tumours 178

Laryngeal carcinoma 180

Thyroid nodules and masses 182

Primary hyperparathyroidism 184

Hypoparathyroidism 186

Sinus disease 188

Parotid and submandibular salivary glands: infection 190

Sialolithiasis 192

Parotid and submandibular salivary glands: tumours 194

Branchial cleft cysts 196

Most nasopharyngeal malignancies are squamous cell cancers and they most commonly occur in the lateral wall of nasopharynx within the fossa of Rosenmüller (area around the ostium of Eustachian tube). Men are more frequently affected than women. Risk factors include Epstein–Barr virus, exposure to smoke or to chemical pollutants, and ingestion of salted fish....

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