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Chronic pain relief 

Chronic pain relief
Chapter:
Chronic pain relief
Author(s):

Max Watson

, Karen O’Reilly

, and Chantal Simon

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199215720.003.0002
Page of

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date: 20 October 2019

Chronic pain control 12

The analgesic ladder 14

Practical considerations 16

Concordance 18

Paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)20

Weak opioids 22

Morphine 24

Alternative strong opioids 28

Opioid side effects 34

Other routes of opioid administration 36

Neuropathic pain 40

Spiritual pain 42...

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