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Chronic pain relief 

Chronic pain relief
Chronic pain relief

Max Watson

, Karen O’Reilly

, and Chantal Simon

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 October 2020

Chronic pain control 12

The analgesic ladder 14

Practical considerations 16

Concordance 18

Paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)20

Weak opioids 22

Morphine 24

Alternative strong opioids 28

Opioid side effects 34

Other routes of opioid administration 36

Neuropathic pain 40

Spiritual pain 42...

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