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James Harvey

, Sue Down

, Rachel Bright-Thomas

, John Winstanley

, and Hugh Bishop

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date: 03 July 2022

Gynaecomastia. This chapter begins by outlining the different types of gynaecomastia and its varied causes. A simple diagnostic algorithm is presented to identify any underlying systemic cause. This algorithm is aimed at helping primary care practitioners to manage the majority of these cases in primary care but also to ensure that cases which present to secondary care are fully evaluated. Surgical procedures for gynaecomastia and pseudogynaecomastia are outlined as well as an overview of the challenges and complications of this type of surgery.

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