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Breast cancer—facts and figures 

Breast cancer—facts and figures
Chapter:
Breast cancer—facts and figures
Author(s):

James Harvey

, Sue Down

, Rachel Bright-Thomas

, John Winstanley

, and Hugh Bishop

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199215065.003.0005
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date: 20 August 2019

Breast cancer- Facts and Figures. This chapter first outlines the epidemiology of breast cancer around the world, looking at national and international incidence and prevalence, along with survival figures for symptomatic and screen detected breast cancers. A comparison is also made between different socioeconomic groups. Risk factors for breast cancer are discussed beginning with the four main risk factors (gender, age, previous history of breast cancer and family history) and then moving on to encompass a variety of other risk factors including reproductive and hormonal factors; physical factors; lifestyle factors and factors specific to the breast itself. The relative risk of breast cancer in women previously diagnosed with a variety of benign and pre-malignant breast changes is presented in a clear table for easy reference. Communicating risk correctly is vital to avoid undue anxiety in some individuals; a useful approach to risk analysis in a young woman is demonstrated.

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