Show Summary Details
Page of

Anatomy and physiology 

Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy and physiology

James Harvey

, Sue Down

, Rachel Bright-Thomas

, John Winstanley

, and Hugh Bishop

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 July 2022

Anatomy and Physiology. The embryology, developmental changes and normal anatomy of the breast and axilla is described along with the common abnormalities seen as a result of developmental aberrations (accessory nipples and breast asymmetry) and the differences seen between the sexes. The blood and nerve supply of the breast and its lymphatic drainage are all clearly detailed with reference to clear pictures and diagrams. The distribution of cancers within the breast is also demonstrated along with the likely path of any nodal metastases including the relevance of the internal mammary chain. The anatomy of the axilla and axillary lymph nodes is described in detail along with a description of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) hypothesis and its importance in breast cancer staging.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.