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Nipple-areola reconstruction 

Nipple-areola reconstruction
Chapter:
Nipple-areola reconstruction
Author(s):

James Harvey

, Sue Down

, Rachel Bright-Thomas

, John Winstanley

, and Hugh Bishop

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199215065.003.0021
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date: 21 August 2019

Nipple-areola Reconstruction. Nipple-areola reconstruction can substantially improve the final cosmetic result of a breast reconstruction. This chapter details the timing of surgery, marking of the intended site of reconstruction and pre-operative consent issues warranting clear discussion with the patient. The chapter outlines the commonly used procedures for nipple reconstruction including c-v, star and skate flaps and free nipple/composite grafts. Tattooing of the nipple and areola and its likely outcomes are also discussed.

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