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Invasive breast carcinoma: pathology and prognosis 

Invasive breast carcinoma: pathology and prognosis
Invasive breast carcinoma: pathology and prognosis

James Harvey

, Sue Down

, Rachel Bright-Thomas

, John Winstanley

, and Hugh Bishop

Page of

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date: 26 January 2022

Invasive breast carcinoma- pathology and prognosis. This chapter provides an overview of the most common types of invasive breast cancer, and describes how various tumour factors influence overall prognosis. The main types of breast cancer are described, along with their specific characteristics. Common molecular factors such as oestrogen and HER2 receptor status are included in this section. The international system for staging of breast cancer allows comparison to be made between different units. Various prognostic tools and molecular profiling techniques are included which are of use when discussing individual prognosis with patients, these include NPI, Predict, Adjuvant!, oncotype DX and mammoprobe. Finally, future technologies are discussed, which will allow treatments to become more individualised.

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