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Adult congenital heart disease 

Adult congenital heart disease
Adult congenital heart disease

M Barnard

and B Martin

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date: 02 August 2021

Introduction 470

Assessment 471

Terminology 472

Classification 474

Pathophysiology 476

Specific lesions 478

Sequelae 486

Management 488

Endocarditis 490

Further reading 491

In the future there will be more adults than children with congenital heart disease – this already applies to tetralogy of Fallot, which is the commonest of the cyanotic lesions. Fewer than 20% of patients with congenital heart disease would survive to adult life without treatment. There is an increasing population of patients with adult congenital heart disease who require long-term follow-up....

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