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Aortic valve surgery 

Aortic valve surgery
Aortic valve surgery

M Barnard

and B Martin

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date: 07 August 2020

Aortic stenosis 358

Aortic regurgitation (AR) 362

Surgical essentials and therapeutic options 366

TOE essentials 370

Practice points 374

Further reading 375

Congenital: subvalvar, supravalvar, valvar – bicuspid (most common).

Acquired: degenerative calcification (most common), rheumatic.

Wall stress = pressure × radius/2 × wall thickness....

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