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Preoperative assessment and investigations 

Preoperative assessment and investigations
Chapter:
Preoperative assessment and investigations
Author(s):

M Barnard

, W Davides

, and B Martin

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199209101.003.15
Page of

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date: 07 August 2020

Preoperative evaluation 208

Multifactorial risk indices 210

Non-invasive testing and radionuclide studies 214

Cardiac catheterization 219

Further reading 222

Cardiac history and presenting symptoms

Unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and cardiogenic shock are high risk.

Coronary artery anatomy

Left main disease, triple vessel disease, and proximal left anterior descending lesions are high risk....

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