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Respiratory implications of cardiac surgery 

Respiratory implications of cardiac surgery
Chapter:
Respiratory implications of cardiac surgery
Author(s):

B Woodcock

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199209101.003.09
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date: 04 July 2020

Introduction 138

Preoperative assessment 140

Intraoperative management of mechanical ventilation 141

Postoperative respiratory function 142

Further reading 147

Respiratory complications remain a leading cause of post-cardiac surgical morbidity. Preoperative assessment can help predict which patients are more likely to suffer respiratory complications. Factors associated with atelectasis and pneumonia can be identified. Methods can be employed to minimize and manage pulmonary complications. Recent advances in surgical and anaesthetic techniques have reduced the physiological insult of cardiac surgery. These include minimally invasive and off-pump procedures, and the movement towards streamlined postoperative care (early extubation)....

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