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Oral problems 

Oral problems
Chapter:
Oral problems
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199208388.003.10
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date: 14 October 2019

Introduction150

Lips and the perioral region150

Buccal and labial mucosa and tongue: mouth ulcers156

Infection157

Tumours (lumps and bumps)158

Disorders affecting the palate159

The tongue and gums160

Other oral changes162

Pigmentary changes163

Sore and painful areas around or within the mouth are common in children. Many mouth lesions look similar making an exact diagnosis difficult to reach without a thorough medical history. Recurrent aphthous ulcers are common and may be associated with underlying inflammatory disorders such a coeliac disease or inflammatory bowel disease. Missing or abnormal teeth may be a clue to a genetic syndrome. Important diagnostic clues will be missed without carefully looking at the whole mouth and carrying out a general medical examination. Benign tumours such as warts or molluscum contagiosum can occur anywhere in the oral cavity and are relatively common, whereas malignant tumours are rare. Oral problems are grouped below by affected region....

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