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Vascular birthmarks 

Vascular birthmarks
Chapter:
Vascular birthmarks
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199208388.003.08
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date: 15 October 2019

Introduction108

Classification108

Vascular tumours110

Treatment of haemangiomas118

Vascular malformations: capillary malformations (CM)120

Vascular malformations: venous malformations (VM)122

Vascular malformations: arteriovenous malformations124

Other vascular birthmarks125

Lymphatic malformations126

Complex combined vascular malformations129

Vascular birthmarks are common. Most are small and harmless and require no additional investigation or treatment. It is important to be aware of a minority, which are associated with severe disfigurement, compression of vital organs, functional disability, associated structural abnormalities or visceral involvement. Improvement in the classification, combined with a multidisciplinary approach has revolutionized management. Expanding knowledge of the genetic basis of vasculogenesis will hopefully lead to improved therapies. The ultimate goal is to prevent life-threatening complications, improve quality of life and to minimize disfigurement....

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