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Neonatal skin problems 

Neonatal skin problems
Chapter:
Neonatal skin problems
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199208388.003.07
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date: 18 October 2019

Introduction94

Physiology of neonatal skin94

Care of premature skin95

Transient benign neonatal dermatoses96

Other rashes in the newborn98

Birthmarks100

Primary irritant napkin dermatitis101

Neonatal erythroderma102

Collodion baby103

Congenital infection104

Tumours in the newborn106

The skin of a newborn infant is different from adult skin. It is 40–60% thinner and topical agents are easily absorbed, sometimes resulting in toxicity. It is also prone to injury from seemingly innocuous trauma such as skin stripping from removal of adhesive dressings. Trauma such as this may result in secondary infection and/or scarring. These properties are especially marked in pre-term infants. A group of disorders in which the skin is unable to withstand friction, resulting in blistering, is known as epidermolysis bullosa (EB) (...

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