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Anaemia: pathophysiology, classification, and clinical features 

Anaemia: pathophysiology, classification, and clinical features
Anaemia: pathophysiology, classification, and clinical features

D.J. Weatherall

and Chris Hatton



Chapter reviewed December 2012—minor changes only.

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date: 23 January 2022

Anaemia is usually defined clinically as a reduction of the haemoglobin concentration to less than 130 g/l (males) or less than 120 g/l (females). It is a common problem, with prevalence around 3% for middle-aged men and 14% for middle-aged women in the United Kingdom, and much greater prevalence in the developing world....

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