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Diabetes mellitus and the kidney 

Diabetes mellitus and the kidney
Diabetes mellitus and the kidney

Rudolf Bilous



Chapter updated throughout

Further reading updated to reflect recent research

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date: 27 September 2021

Diabetic nephropathy is the commonest cause of endstage renal disease in the developed world, causing 44% of prevalent cases requiring renal replacement therapy in the United States of America in 2012 and 25% in the United Kingdom in 2013. Incident rates have increased slightly in the UK at 25% of all new patients accepted onto RRT in 2013. Most patients have type 2 diabetes, and in most countries the proportion with endstage renal disease who have type 1 diabetes is falling....

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