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Acute interstitial nephritis 

Acute interstitial nephritis
Acute interstitial nephritis

Simon D Roger



Substantial updates throughout chapter

Inclusion of a new figure showing granuloma in AIN

New section on likely developments of the next 5-10 years

Updated further reading

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date: 28 September 2021

Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is inflammation of the tubules and interstitium within the kidney, associated with a relatively sudden onset and a rapid decline in renal function. It is usually secondary to drugs [antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and proton pump inhibitors being most commonly incriminated], with other causes being infections (classically streptococcal, but this is now less common) and immune disorders (systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, and tubulointerstitial nephritis with uveitis)....

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