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Mediastinal cysts and tumours 

Mediastinal cysts and tumours
Mediastinal cysts and tumours

Malcolm K. Benson

, Robert J.O. Davies

, Helen E. Davies

, and Y.C. Gary. Lee



Investigation—increased usage of (1) PET-CT scanning to evaluate mediastinal masses, (2) endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle aspiration to assess middle mediastinal lymph nodes.

Thymomas—notes on classification and description of thymic carcinoma (type C thymoma).

Other masses—updated notes on germ cell tumours, Castleman’s disease, and enteric cysts.

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date: 24 September 2021

Mediastinal masses are most conveniently categorized by their anatomical site in the anterior, middle, or posterior mediastinum. Most present as a radiographic abnormality alone, or in association with symptoms arising from local compression of the numerous mediastinal structures. Nonspecific constitutional symptoms such as fever or weight loss are more likely with malignant tumours such as lymphomas or thymomas....

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