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Disorders of the thoracic cage and diaphragm 

Disorders of the thoracic cage and diaphragm
Disorders of the thoracic cage and diaphragm

John M. Shneerson


May 30, 2013: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 19 September 2021

Disorders of the thoracic skeleton—these can lead to a severe restrictive ventilatory defect, the risk of respiratory failure being highest with (1) scoliosis—particularly if the following characteristics are present: early onset, severe angulation, high in the thorax, respiratory muscle weakness, low vital capacity; (2) kyphosis—but only if of very sharp angulation (gibbus), most commonly seen following tuberculous osteomyelitis; and (3) after thoracoplasty—historically performed as treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis....

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