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Radiation pneumonitis 

Radiation pneumonitis
Radiation pneumonitis

S.J. Bourke

and D.J. Hendrick


July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 27 September 2021

The lungs can be injured by radiation used in cancer treatment, with the rapidly dividing endothelial cells and type II pneumocytes most affected. Immediate injury is followed by an inflammatory response and at a later stage by fibrosis. Chest radiography reveals asymptomatic changes in about 50% of patients after radiotherapy. ...

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