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Bronchoscopy, thoracoscopy, and tissue biopsy 

Bronchoscopy, thoracoscopy, and tissue biopsy
Bronchoscopy, thoracoscopy, and tissue biopsy

Pallav L. Shah


August 28, 2014: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.


New bronchoscopic techniques—description of fluorescence bronchosopy and narrow band imaging for early detection of lung cancer.

Endobronchial ultrasound techniques—(1) expanded discussion of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, now the first line investigation for staging the mediastinum in lung cancer; (2) description of radial ultrasound.

Therapeutic bronchoscopy—updated discussion of usage in emphysema and asthma.

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date: 20 September 2021

Bronchoscopy, thoracoscopy, and radiologically guided biopsy techniques provide different methods for visualizing and sampling thoracic lesions, the approach chosen in any particular case being based on a number of factors, including the anatomical location of abnormal areas, presence of coexisting pulmonary disease, presence of comorbidities, and local expertise. CT is useful in both selection and planning of the most appropriate sampling method....

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