Show Summary Details
Page of

Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of essential hypertension 

Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of essential hypertension
Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of essential hypertension

Bryan Williams

and John D. Firth



This chapter has been substantially re-written to accommodate changes in European, American (Joint National Committee [JNC] 8), and British (British Hypertension Society/NICE) guidelines for the diagnosis and management of hypertension. New sections have been added on non-pharmacological treatments for hypertension: renal denervation and baroreflex activation therapy.

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 27 September 2021

Essential hypertension is almost invariably symptomless, and usually detected by routine screening or opportunistic measurement of blood pressure. Key questions to answer in the assessment of a person presenting with an elevated blood pressure are: (1) Do they have hypertension, i.e. is the blood pressure persistently elevated? (2) Are there any associated clinical features that might warrant further evaluation to exclude secondary causes of hypertension? (3) Are there factors that might be contributing to an elevated blood pressure, including lifestyle or dietary factors or concomitant medication? (4) Is there any associated target organ damage or comorbidity that influences the overall cardiovascular disease risk and subsequent treatment of the patient?...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.