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Essential hypertension—definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology 

Essential hypertension—definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology
Essential hypertension—definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology

Bryan Williams



Definitions – increasing use of automated home BP readings and ambulatory BP measurements to diagnose hypertension. Epidemiology – recognition that automated home BP and ambulatory BP measurements predict cardiovascular events better than does office BP monitoring.

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date: 28 June 2022

‘Essential hypertension’ is high blood pressure for which there is no clearly defined aetiology. From a practical perspective, it is best defined as that level of blood pressure at which treatment to lower blood pressure results in significant clinical benefit—a level which will vary from patient to patient depending on their absolute cardiovascular risk....

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