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Pulmonary oedema 

Pulmonary oedema
Pulmonary oedema

Nicholas W. Morrell

and John D. Firth



This chapter has been retired and will not be updated further. The subject matter of this chapter is to be found in Chapter 16.15.1 of this online update.

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date: 21 October 2021

The formation of pulmonary oedema depends on the balance between capillary hydrostatic pressure, interstitial tissue pressure, plasma colloid osmotic pressure, endothelial permeability, and lymphatic function. The efficiency of lymphatic drainage of interstitial fluid (which can increase >10-fold) is critical in determining the onset and extent of hydrostatic oedema....

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