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Pulmonary hypertension 

Pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension

Nicholas W. Morrell



Chapter reviewed – minor alterations made.

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date: 24 September 2021

Symptoms of unexplained exertional breathlessness or symptoms out of proportion to coexistent heart or lung disease should alert the clinician to the possibility of pulmonary hypertension, and the condition should be actively sought in patients with known associated conditions, such as scleroderma, hypoxic lung disease, liver disease, or congenital heart disease. Heterozygous germ-line mutations in the gene encoding the bone morphogenetic protein type II receptor (...

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