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Congenital heart disease in the adult 

Congenital heart disease in the adult
Congenital heart disease in the adult

S. A. Thorne



March 2014 – this chapter has been extensively revised, with new figures to explain and describe the classification of congenital heart disease.

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date: 16 October 2021

Adults with congenital heart disease are a growing population, and now outnumber children with congenital heart disease in the United Kingdom. Many patients with repaired hearts can now, with specialist care, expect to live a normal or near normal lifespan. Other survivors have complex, surgically altered hearts and circulations that reflect the surgical and interventional practices of the preceding two decades. Their long-term outlook is unknown and they remain at lifelong risk of complications that may require further intervention. The organization of services to provide specialist care is key to their long-term survival....

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