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The cardiomyopathies: hypertrophic, dilated, restrictive, and right ventricular 

The cardiomyopathies: hypertrophic, dilated, restrictive, and right ventricular
The cardiomyopathies: hypertrophic, dilated, restrictive, and right ventricular

William J. McKenna

and Perry Elliott



Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – expanded coverage of inborn error of metabolism and congenital causes, and prediction of sudden cardiac death. Dilated cardiomyopathy – enhanced discussion of genetic causes, and indications for endomyocardial biopsy. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy – new revised task force criteria for diagnosis. New sections on evaluation, genetic testing and follow-up of asymptomatic patients; and on athletes, sport and cardiomyopathy.

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date: 23 October 2021

The term cardiomyopathy is used to describe heart muscle disease unexplained by abnormal loading conditions (hypertension, valve disease, etc.), congenital cardiac abnormalities, and ischaemic heart disease. The current classification is based on the predominant phenotype, i.e. hypertrophic, dilated, arrhythmogenic right ventricular, restrictive and unclassifiable (including left ventricular noncompaction), and—where possible—incorporating inheritance and genotype. Cardiomyopathies associated with systemic diseases are described in ...

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