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Cardiac catheterization and angiography 

Cardiac catheterization and angiography
Cardiac catheterization and angiography

Edward D. Folland



March 2014 – chapter reviewed; no significant changes required.

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date: 28 September 2021

Cardiac catheterization/angiography is indicated for evaluation of patients with coronary, valvular, and congenital heart disease in whom diagnostic or therapeutic decisions cannot be made on the basis of noninvasive tests. Most patients presenting for cardiac catheterization have coronary artery disease: catheterization and coronary angiography are integral parts of interventional treatments for patients experiencing ischaemic coronary syndromes....

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