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Adrian P. Banning

, Andrew R.J. Mitchell

, and James D. Newton


Update: A link to video material relating to echocardiography has been added to this chapter

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date: 27 September 2021

For video material relating to echocardiography, please go to Echocardiography Videos.

Ease of use, rapid data provision, portability, and safety mean that echocardiography has become the principal investigation for almost all cardiac conditions. A modern transthoracic echocardiography examination combines real-time two-dimensional (2D) imaging of the myocardium and valves with information about velocity and direction of blood flow obtained by Doppler and colour-flow mapping. A complete examination can be performed in most patients in less than 30 min....

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