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Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tree 

Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tree
Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tree

J.A. Summerfield


July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 19 September 2021

Diseases of the gallbladder and bile ducts are common, with gallstones and their complications being most frequent. Less common are biliary strictures, usually malignant, which are caused by adenocarcinomas of the pancreas, bile ducts, ampulla of Vater, and gallbladder. Rarely encountered are sclerosing cholangitis and a variety of congenital disorders....

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