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Liver tumours—primary and secondary 

Liver tumours—primary and secondary
Liver tumours—primary and secondary

William J.H. Griffiths

and Simon M. Rushbrook


November 28, 2012: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 19 September 2021

A number of benign and malignant tumours may arise in the liver, the most important of which are:

HCC is the fifth most common cancer worldwide, but with great geographical variation in incidence, ranging from around 2 per 100 000 population in western Europe to 100 per 100 000 population in some parts of Africa. Most tumours arise on the background of cirrhosis, commonly due to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or alcohol....

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