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Liver transplantation 

Liver transplantation
Liver transplantation

Gideon M. Hirschfield

, Michael E.D. Allison

, and Graeme J.M. Alexander


August 28, 2014: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.


Source of livers for transplantation—non-heart-beating donors are increasingly used, albeit with increased complication rates; living related liver donation is now widespread and routine in many centres.

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date: 23 October 2021

Liver transplantation is considered for patients with liver disease that is predicted to shorten life or causes symptoms that preclude an acceptable quality of life and for individuals with life-shortening genetic disease that can be cured by transplantation. One-year survival exceeds 90%, 5-year survival approaches 80%, and individual median survivals exceed 20 years....

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