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Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract 

Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract
Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract

V.M. Wright

, J.A. Walker-Smith

, and I.R. Sanderson


February 27, 2014: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.


Small intestinal lymphangiectasia—use of capsule endoscopy in diagnosis.

Meconium ileus—use of water-soluble contrast media other than Gastrografin.

Further reading—substantially updated.

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date: 19 September 2021

Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract usually manifest shortly after birth, but on occasion symptoms may be delayed for months or even years. Any part of the gut can be affected, with problems including oesophageal atresia and tracheo-oesophageal fistula, anterior abdominal wall defects, congenital pyloric stenosis, atresia and stenosis of the small intestine, duplication of the gastrointestinal tract, small-intestinal malrotation with or without volvulus, small-intestinal lymphangiectasia, Meckel’s diverticulum, meconium ileus, congenital short intestine, colonic atresia, Hirschprung’s disease, and imperforate anus....

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