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Benign breast disease 

Benign breast disease
Benign breast disease

P. Jane Clarke

and R. Fiddes



Chapter reviewed June 2011—minor alterations made, in particular to emphasize indications for investigation and/or specialist referral.

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date: 19 September 2021

Benign conditions of the breast are very common, but they cause great anxiety, often leading the patient to be concerned that she has breast cancer. Symptoms may include: (1) a mass in the breast, commonly due to fibroadenoma, benign cystic change, or macrocysts; (2) mastalgia; and (3) discharge from the nipple, which may be caused by hyperprolactinaemia, intraduct papilloma, or duct ectasia. Management involves exclusion of malignancy, often by triple assessment of any palpable abnormality (for clinical examination, radiological and pathological assessment, see ...

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