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Manfred S. Green


August 28, 2014: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.


Prevention—description of new vaccine against both smallpox and anthrax that could be an important advance for mass vaccination or vaccination of first responders in particular.

Epidemiological investigation—discussion of the value of whole-genome sequencing and comparative genomics for investigation of potential bioterrorism outbreaks.

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date: 27 September 2021

Bioterrorism is the deliberate use of biological agents to cause illness, death and fear for ideological or personal purposes. Most potential bioterrorism agents occur naturally as known pathogens and are classified as follows: (1) Category A, with greatest risk to the public and national security, comprising (a) infectious and contagious diseases, smallpox, plague, and viral haemorrhagic fevers; (b) infectious but not contagious diseases, anthrax, and tularaemia; and ...

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