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Vaginal discharge 

Vaginal discharge
Vaginal discharge

Paul Nyirjesy


July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.


Chapter reviewed July 2012; minor updates made.

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date: 28 September 2021

Vaginal symptoms are a frequent source of discomfort and distress for many women. Bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, and trichomoniasis are considered the most common causes in premenopausal women, but atrophic vaginitis and noninfectious disorders seem to occur more often in menopausal women.

Self-diagnosis and syndromic management, although increasingly encouraged in many parts of the world, are fraught with inaccuracy. A proper diagnosis depends on a thorough history, examination, and readily available tests in the clinic. Ancillary tests to be considered in selective circumstances include culture for yeast, culture or PCR for trichonomas, ...

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